Why we are at risk
Electricity travels by the path of least resistance to ground. Hence, elements,
which are good conductors of electricity, are more at risk when in contact with
a source of electricity. For instance Metals, water and human bodies are good conductors
The sheer water content of human bodies (approximately 70%) makes human beings particularly
susceptible to passage of electricity. When electricity passes through our body,
it puts enormous stress on the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
Burns caused by electric 'shocks' may result in serious injury or death. Hence,
electrical safety is something that should never be taken lightly. Therefore, to
ensure your safety, this section brings you some safety tips.
- Never touch a fallen power line or anything or anyone
in contact with one. Always assume that the power line is energized and maintain
safe distance. A low-hanging wire can suddenly move unexpectedly if there is a strong
wind is blowing. Call our Help Line at 0120-2321800 to report the incident. In any
electrical emergency, stay calm and call for help.
Watch for power lines when using a ladder, pruning trees, carrying long tools or
pipes, working on the roof or installing an antenna.
Play it safe when you're having fun. Keep kites or model airplanes away from power
- Don't use electric tools near water or in
- Never enter a substation or fenced enclosure that surrounds
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- Licensed Electrical Contractors should do installation
of wiring and electrical fittings/equipment.
- Fans, Switchboards and other electrical equipment should
be properly earthed. · Loose or unsupported wiring installation should be
avoided. Wiring for electric motors should be done with all three-phase wire bunched
in a metallic conduit, this helps in effective earthling. The minimum permissible
size of earth wire should be no.14 SWG.
supports should not be used for wiring installations.
- When in doubt you should always have your installation
checked by Licensed Electrical Contractor. Even otherwise, a complete check-up is
- Fuses of proper rating
should be installed. This is extremely important for safety of the installation
and the user.
- A triple-pole-linked switch protected
with no-volt release and triple pole fuses (for overload purpose) shall control
the motor circuit.
- The connected load of your installation should be in
conformity with the details furnished in the application form and B&L form.
- Plug points should be of the 3 pin type and installations
should be connected to the plug point should be with 3 core cables and 3 pin plug
- AC motor should not be connected unless the
motor and the installation have suitable devices to limit the starting current.
- You should Install MCB's in your household circuits under
the guidance of a Licensed Contractors to protect your appliances as well as your
family members from electrical overloading or short-circuit.
Don't overload electrical outlets. If you must use an extension cord temporarily,
match the amperage and wattage limits of the cord and appliance, and do not use
damaged cords. ·
- Stay dry. Keep electric appliances,
such as hair dryers, away from water. Never operate an appliance when wet.
- Keep household appliances in good working order. If something
seems wrong with an appliance or tool, or if it gives even the slightest shock,
disconnect it. Have it repaired or discard it.
- Never carry appliances by the cords, and remove cords
from outlets by pulling on the plug head. Don't run cords under rugs or furniture;
they could become damaged or overheated.
- Any plug-in appliance should always be unplugged when
it is not being used. Many people are injured and home fires started by leaving
appliances plugged-in when not in use.
- Recognize workplace hazards. Keep your tools, work area
and storage space clean and dry. Check cords for wear and keep tools switched "off"
before plugging or unplugging.
- Be prepared for power outages during storms. Keep flashlights
and batteries where they can be found easily. Unplug your appliances during storms
to prevent lightning damage, and don't forget lightning can come into your home
through cable television and telephone lines as well. When power resumes, turn on
only necessary items and do so one appliance at a time to avoid overloading the
Precautions for Kids
- Keep electrical equipment out of reach of children
- Educate your children about electrical safety. Teach
them never to put fingers or objects into outlets or appliances, and use outlet
covers wherever necessary.
- Don't let your children climb trees near power lines.
Let them play with kites and balloons only in open areas away from power lines.
Even when your kids are flying kites far away from power lines, static electricity
can build up enough on the kite and string to be dangerous. If kite string gets
caught in power lines, ask them to leave it alone and not try to remove the string
from the lines.
- Help them recognize "Danger-High
Voltage" signs and identify electric utility equipment. Teach them to call
for help in the event of an electrical emergency.